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TermDefinition
carrier owner or operator of ships who enter into a contract with shipper for the transportation of goods; also refers to the ship carrying cargo
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TermDefinition
bill of lading document issued by carrier to a shipper of goods when received on board; it serves as a receipt for the goods, document of title of the goods and evidence of the contract of carriage; B/L for short
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bulker popular term for bulk carrier
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Capesize a very large bulk carrier with deadweight above 150,000 tons - unable to transit Suez Canal and therefore have to sail round the Cape of Good Hope to and from Europe
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chemical tanker a tanker designed to carry chemical products; also known as chemical carrier
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clean on board traditional clause used on Letters of Credit to guarantee that cargo has been loaded in good conditions, not damaged; originally applicable for break bulk and bulk shipments but not for containerised cargo in FCL conditions, where carriers do not have visible access to the cargo to check its conditions.
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collier bulk carrier specially constructed for the carriage of coal; loading by gravity from chutes and discharge may be by grabs or conveyor belt system
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conbulker a combination carrier designed to carry containers and bulk cargoes
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CPT Carriage Paid To.., a shipping term in which the exporter clears the goods for export and pays the costs and freight of transporting the goods to the port of destination; however, all risk and additional costs is transferred to the importer or buyer once the goods have been received by the first carrier
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currency adjustment factor surcharge applied to freight rate by a carrier to offset foreign currency fluctuations; CAF for short
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Dunkerquemax describe a class of bulk carrier whose maximum length overall is typically 292m, beam 45m, scantling draught 18m and deadweight about 176,000 to 180,000.
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FCA Free carrier, a shipping term in which the exporter is responsible for clearing the goods for export and handing over the goods to the designated carrier at the named place
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freight rate fee payable to the carrier for the transportation of cargo from one place to another
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gale ballast ballast sea water which is taken in the cargo holds or tanks of a large bulk carrier or oil tanker when it is sailing in a ballast voyage; this increases its draught and hence improves its stability when sailing through a heavy weather
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gas master an officer on a gas ship under first mate who is fully in charge of cargo operations, cargo tanks, their piping and accessories; examples of gas ship are LNG carrier, LPG carrier, etc; also known as gas engineer
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liner conference a group of carriers, which are operating scheduled liner services between designated ports, joined together for the purpose of establishing common freight rates; this can be open conference or closed conference
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mini-bulker a smaller sized bulk carrier of about 3000 tons deadweight
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multipurpose ship ship designed to carry several types of cargo either as one full cargo or in combination, e.g. ore/oil carrier, ro-ro/container ship, passenger/vehicle carrier, etc.
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negligence clause clause in a voyage charterparty which attempts to relieve the shipowner or carrier of liability for losses caused by the negligence of his servants or agents
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Newcastlemax describe a class of bulk carrier whose maximum length overall is typically 300m, beam 55m, scantling draught 16.1m and deadweight about 205,000.

Formerly its size is only 185,000 deadweight; however this is superseded by Kooragang berths 2, 5, 8 and 9 which accept up to 210,000 deadweight vessels.
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NVOCC stand for Non-Vessel-Operating Common carrier; it is defined in the United States Shipping Act 1984 as a "...common carrier that does not operate the vessels by which the ocean transportation is provided, and is a shipper in its relationship with an ocean common carrier."
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OBOs Ore/Bulk/Oil carriers - one of the various types of combination carrier
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product tanker a type of tanker designed to carry refined oil products such as gasoline for motorcars, gas oil or diesel oil for industry, naphtha for petrochemical industry, aviation fuel, kerosene, etc.; this kind of tanker usually has large number of cargo tanks capable of handling several different grades of oil at the same time; also known as product carrier
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ro-ro ship a vehicle carrier which is equipped with ramps at the ends to allow vehicles to 'roll-on, roll-off'; it is built like a multi-storey carpark
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sale and purchase broker one who acts as an intermediary between buyer and seller of ships; such broker may specialise based on the types of vessels e.g. tanker, bulk carrier, etc. or on the market segment e.g. newbuildings, second-hand tonnage or demolition (scrapping); commission for his services is usually paid for by the seller
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Setouchmax describe a class of bulk carrier whose maximum length overall is typically 300m, beam 50m, scantling draught 16.1m and deadweight about 205,000.
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shipper a person who puts his cargo on a carrier and is responsible for the payment of the transportation service rendered
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shooter loading machine of bulk carriers
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tariff a list of prices charged by carriers for providing a transportation service
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topside tank upper wing tank usually used for ballast in bulk carrier
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ULCC stand for Ultra Large Crude carrier, i.e. a crude oil tanker with deadweight more than 300,000 tons
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VLCC stand for Very Large Crude carrier, i.e. a crude oil tanker with deadweight between 200,000 and 300,000 tons
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voyage charter a ship hiring contract for a single voyage from one or more named load port to one or more specified destination ports; this is common for bulk carriers and tramps
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